country. 108 Infrastructure edit Uranium edit Pakistan's uranium infrastructure is based on the use of gas centrifuges to produce highly enriched uranium (HEU) at the Khan Research Laboratories (KRL) at Kahuta. "A Manhattan Project Scientist". Even under very controlled conditions, precise yields can be very hard to determine, and for less controlled conditions the margins of error can be quite large. The relative weakness in defence warfare is highlighted in Pakistan's nuclear posture, which Pakistan considers its primary deterrent from Indian conventional offensives or nuclear attack. In a recent paper for the Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies, Andrew Futter, an associate professor at the University of Leicester, suggested that a nuclear command-and-control system might be hacked to gather intelligence about the system, to shut down the system.
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Pakistan's first nuclear tests were made in May 1998, when six warheads were tested under codename Chagai-I and Chagai-II. Archived from the original on Retrieved External link in website ( help ) "When Mountains Move The Story of Chagai". "Pakistan will maintain minimum credible deterrence". 29 In 1953, Foreign minister Muhammad Zafarullah Khan publicly stated that "Pakistan does not have a policy towards the atom bombs". During a crisis, Russias inability to launch on warning could raise the pressure on a Russian leader to launch without any warning. "Multan Conference January 1972: The Birth of Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons Program". "Pakistan understands importance of N-security: US". "Pakistan's Nuclear Posture: Implications for South Asian Stability" (PDF). Retrieved "Pakistan's 140 warhead stockpile revealed in shock report as it 'secretly converts jets' to fly nukes". Archived from the original on 6 November 2013.
Citation needed Pakistan's weaker conventional weapon military in comparison to India and the Indian nuclear programme that started in 1967 prompted Pakistan's clandestine development of nuclear weapons. "Pakistan became nuclear state in 1983". Twenty scientists who have won the Nobel Prize, as well as the Union of Concerned Scientists, have expressed strong opposition to retaining a launch-on-warning capability. 174178) Rehman (1999,. . Ganguly S, Kapur. According to former US intelligence official Rolf Mowatt-Larssen, US concerns are justified because militants have struck at several Pakistani military facilities and bases since 2007. President Jimmy Carters national-security adviser, Zbigniew Brzezinski, was asleep in Washington,.C., when the phone rang. . Chakma, Bhumitra, pg 42, The Politics of Nuclear Weapons in South Asia, Ashgate Publishing Company, Burlington, VT, USA, 2011 a b "An indomitable man".
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