entering the red blood cells, the merozoites feed on the contents of the cells and some develop into male and female gametocytes. Biologists are also using control measures, such as spraying DDT to kill mosquitoes, draining stagnant water, and using the widespread use of nets to contain the mosquito itself (Herman, 1996). Diagnosis, early diagnosis and treatment is lifesaving. The organism that causes the most dangerous form of malaria is a microscopic parasite called, plasmodium falciparum. The range of a vector from a suitable habitat is fortunately limited to a maximum of two miles (Cann, 1996). A physical exam will also be performed. Your doctor will be able to determine if you have an enlarged spleen or liver. One such drug is quinine, a compound extracted from the bark of the cinchona tree.
Limited Imagination, Economist, September 28, 1996, Vol. The time lapse between being bitten by an infected mosquito and the appearance of the parasite in the blood varies from seven to 30 days with.
Complete avoidance of bites is not possible however the number of bites may be reduced as much as possible. This herb has been used for centuries in traditional Chinese medicine to treat malaria and fever. This drug was a secret of the locals of the Amazon jungle for centuries until European missionaries learned of its use. Light colored, loose fitting, trousers, rather than shorts, and shirts with long sleeves are preferable particularly during early evening and at night when mosquitoes prefer to feed. Symptoms could appear after a year after travelling and this needs to be considered while diagnosing and treating malaria. It evaluates progress made against the disease it also describes the sources of funding and reviews the impact of malaria control programmes. It accounts for the majority of infections and is potentially life-threatening (Bell, 1999). Several drugs used to treat the disease have been around for centuries. Their number increases after heavy rainfall, especially if humidity is above 60 per cent, therefore the peak incidence of malaria occurs at this time. At-risk groups, children and babies are a very vulnerable group as they depend on their parents to adopt precautions to prevent insect bites.
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